Health Sciences Libraries

Bio-Medical Library

Writing Guides and Style Manuals in the Biological and Health Sciences

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Maintained by: Katherine Chew chewx002@umn.edu

Last updated January 2, 2014

On this page:

Books available on the topic of Medical Writing

Catalog search results on the topic of medical/healthcare writing

Books available on the topic of Publishing

Catalog search results on the topic of medical/healthcare publishing

Books available on the topic of Authorship

Catalog search results on the topic of medical/healthcare authorship

Books available on the topic of Data Display

Catalog search results on the topic of data display

Books available on the topic of Research Methods

catalog search results on the topic of research methods or methodology.

Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation

This popular book is an indispensable and entertaining guide for writers, proofreaders, editors, managers, clerical staff, teachers, and students. Use this site to find the answers to your questions concerning proper English grammar and punctuation.

Elements of Style Online

The electronic version of the classic work by William Strunk, Jr. that includes rules of grammar and usage, principles of composition, and commonly misused and misspelled words.

Guide to grammar & writing

Maintained by Charles Darling, Professor of English at Capital Community College, Hartford CT. Includes sections on words & sentences; paragraphs; essays & research papers; peripheral & PowerPoint. Check the Index to find more "online resources."

Harvard Guide to Using Sources

From the Expository Writing Program. Covers integrating sources into a paper; misuse of sources and when/when not to cite.

How to publish in top journals

This brief manual provides useful suggestions for today's authors. By Kwan Choi, Editor, RIE.

Internet Grammar of English

An online course in English grammar.

Mayfield Handbook of Technical & Scientific Writing

Authors: Leslie C. Perelman, Edward Barrett, and James Paradis ; ESL Consultant: Erika Mitchell

The Web-based version of The Mayfield Handbook of Scientific and Technical Writing is the result of more than ten years of collaborative development at MIT. The Handbook is the first hypertextual reference work designed specifically for technical and scientific writing. MIT authors Leslie Perelman, James Paradis, and Edward Barrett offer information and advice on grammar and usage, strategies for planning and producing documents, and common document formats and citation styles.

Online Grammar Handbook

"21 chapters of web links to writing, grammar, punctuation & research inclucing links to arguments, literature & sample student papers of many types."

Sentence sence: a writers guide

From the Guide to Grammar & Writing. An online textbook on basic writing

Student Writing Guide: University of Minnesota

Center for Writing.

-Reading, research & writing strategies; - U Writing requirements; - Writing resources & more ...

Revised ed., 2010

The Unofficial guide for authors (or how to produce research articles worth citing)

guide by Tomislav Hengl & Mike Gould (2006). Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Freely downloadable guide that covers in 54 pages all aspects of scientific writing.

Writing and presenting your thesis or dissertation

guide by S. Joseph Levine, Michigan State University

Writing Guides

From Colorado State University. Covers the writing process, types of documents, researching sources and using sources.

Equator Network :Enhancing the Quality and Transparency of Health Research

The EQUATOR Network is an international initiative that seeks to enhance reliability of medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of research studies.

The Library for health research reporting provides an up-to-date collection of guidelines and policy documents related to health research reporting. These are aimed mainly at authors of research articles, journal editors, peer reviewers and reporting guideline developers. Also included are guidelines under development.

CONSORT Statement 2010

"CONSORT comprises a checklist and flow diagram to help improve the quality of reports of randomized controlled trials. It offers a standard way for researchers to report trials. The checklist includes items, based on evidence, that need to be addressed in the report; the flow diagram provides readers with a clear picture of the progress of all participants in the trial, from the time they are randomized until the end of their involvement. The intent is to make the experimental process more clear, flawed or not, so that users of the data can more appropriately evaluate its validity for their purposes."

MOOSE Checklist

Meta-analysis of Observational Studies (MOOSE)

The PRISMA Statement: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

The aim of the PRISMA Statement is to help authors report a wide array of systematic reviews to assess the benefits and harms of a health care intervention. PRISMA focuses on ways in which authors can ensure the transparent and complete reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

STARD Initiative

Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD)

STROBE

"STROBE stands for an international, collaborative initiative of epidemiologists, methodologists, statisticians, researchers and editors involved in the conduct and dissemination of observational studies, with the common aim of STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology."

ACS Style Guide: a manual for authors and editors

Describes the writing and citation style recommended by the American Chemical Society. A selection of sample references for more common types of citations is available online.
Call number: QD8.5 .A25 1997 WALTER Sci/Eng Reference; MAGRATH Reference;Bio-Med WZ345 A187 1997

The ACS Style Guide: Effective Communication of Scientific Information

Coghill, Anne M.; Garson, Lorrin R.; American Chemical Society. -- 3rd ed. --- ACS, 2006

ACS Style Guidelines

UW-Madison Chemistry Library

AMA manual of style: a guide for authors and editors

Sect. 1. Preparing an article for publication. Types of articles -- Manuscript preparation -- References -- Visual presentation of data -- Ethical and legal considerations -- Editorial assessment and processing -- Sect. 2. Grammar -- Punctuation -- Plurals -- Capitalization -- Correct and preferred usage -- Non-english words, phrases, and accent marks -- Medical indexes -- Sect. 3. Terminology. Abbreviations -- Nomenclature -- Eponyms -- Greek letters --Sect. 4. Measurement and Quantitation. Units of measure -- Numbers and percentages -- Study design and statistics -- Mathematical composition -- Sect. 5. Technical information. Typography -- Manuscript editing and proofreading -- Glossary of publishing terms -- Resources. Rev. ed. of: American Medical Association manual of style. 9th ed. c1998.
Call number: TC Bio-Medical Library Reference WZ345 A511 2007

AMA citation style

Samford University, Birmingham, AL

AMA style guide

University of Evansville

AMA Style Stat!

From docstyle.com; Dr. Abel Scribe's Guide to Research Style and Documentation

Concise rules of APA style

1. Concise and bias-free writing -- 2. Punctuation, spelling, and capitalization -- 3. Italicizing and abbreviating -- 4. Numbers, metrication, and statistics -- 5. Tables -- 6. Figures -- 7. Footnotes and appendixes -- 8. Quotations, reference citations in text, and reference list -- 9. Reference examples.
Call number: Bio-Medical Library Reference WZ345 C743 2010; Magrath Library Reference BF76.7 .C66 2010

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, educators, and professionals in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and justice administration.
Call number: Bio-Medical Library Reference WZ345 P976 2010

Writing with style: APA style made easy

Introduction: the laypeople and you -- Some generalizations about how psychologists write -- Preparing the introduction section and the literature review paper -- Preparing the method section -- Preparing the results section -- Preparing the discussion section -- Preparing the abstract -- Preparing the references section -- Preparing a title page and formatting your manuscript -- Grooming tips for psychology papers -- Preparing a presentation -- Wrapping it up.
Call number: TC Bio-Medical Library BF76.8 S998w 2008

APA Lite for College Papers

From docstyles.com by Dr. Abel Scribe's Guide to Research Style and Documentation

APA Style

From the Lydia M. Olson Library, Northern Michigan University

Covers all reference formats. Includes new 2007 Electronic Reference formats: " Referencing online journal articles and some other materials has changed to emphasize using an assigned DOI (digital object identifier). Date of retrieval is no longer included for materials that are unlikely to be changed or updated (PDF/page images). "

APA Tutorial

A tutorial of APA style, 5th ed., from the University of Southern Mississippi

The Basics of APA Style

From the American Psychological Association.

This tutorial is designed for those who have no previous knowledge of APA Style®. It shows users how to structure and format their work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples.

APA Formatting And Style Guide (6th ed.)

OWL Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th ed.

Published by the Style Manual Committee, Council of Science Editors.
Call number: T11 .S386 2014 Walter Sci/Eng Library Reference;

CSE Citation Quick Guide

Washington State University

CSE Style Guide

Ohio State University

Sciences: documenting sources

From Research & Documentation Online. This section covers CBE number system, reference list, manuscript format and samples pages.

Harvard Referencing Guide

Monash University

Harvard Citation Style

University of Western Australia

Harvard Referencing

University of Canterbury

Harvard System of Referencing Guide

Anglia Ruskin University

Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers

Includes recommended citation format styles for journals, books, conference publications, patents, audio visuals, electronic information, maps, legal materials, newspaper articles, bibliographies, dissertations, and scientific reports.
Call number:

Citing Medicine: the NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers.

2nd ed., 2007

"Citing Medicine gives information on constructing citations at three levels:

  • 1. Diagrammed Citation - Many people need to format a non-complex citation and want to know how to format a citation, without learning why it should be structured that way. The picture of the sample citation and the broad guidelines (what we're calling the Introduction) will be enough for many people in this group.
  • 2. General Rules and Examples - A smaller number of people will need to view the General Rules and Examples sections to get more information. They either will have a specific problem to solve or their work requires them to build a general knowledge of citation that they can later apply to specific cases. For this group we lay out why citations are structured the way they are and show them what types of citations exist (Examples) and what special, difficult cases they may encounter (Specific Rules).
  • 3. Specific Rules - A yet smaller number of people will need to enter the Specific Rules section to solve a specific problem, such as handling non-English citations.

National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citations

Boston University Medical Center Alumni Medical Library

Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: and supplemental statements from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

Covers guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. In addition, discusses retraction of research findings, order of authorship, definition of a peer-reviewed journal, and conflict of interest
Call number: Bio-Medical Library WZ345 U58 1994

Vancouver style

Monash University Library

Vancouver Style : Quck Guide - How to Use it.

Extensive guide from the University of Queensland.

Citing OMIM

How to cite Onine Mendelian Inheritance in Man references.

Chicago Manual of Style Online

The standard work and most comprehensive of the style manuals. All chapters are written for the electronic age, with advice on how to prepare and edit manuscripts online, handle copyright and permissions issues raised by new technologies, use the latest methods of preparing mathematical copy, and cite electronic and online sources.

DocsCite

DocsCite is a step-by-step guide to putting government publication citations into proper APA or MLA style format. From the Arizona State University Libraries.

NIST Guide for the use of the International System of Units (SI)

NIST Special Publication 811 2008 edition.

Ambler Thompson and Barry N. Taylor

Guidelines for Scientific Publishing

International Council for Science (ICSU). Committee on Dissemination of Scientific Information. 3rd ed. 1999

ISO 690:2010 Information and documentation -- Bibliographic references - Content, form and structure

International Standard that specifies the elements to be included in bibliographic references to published monographs and serials, to chapters, articles, etc. in such publications and to patent documents. ISO 690-2 covers electronic resources.

ISO 690:2010

Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources

ISO 690-2

Excerpts

A Guide to Technical Report Writing

written by Joan van Emden, now Senior Consultant at the Jove Centre (an IET Endorsed Training Provider) and Visiting Lecturer at the University of Reading, and the late Jennifer Easteal, who lectured in Mathematics at Salisbury College. IET ( Institute of Engineering and Technology), 2012. 18 p.

Guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports: how to write and distribute grey literature

GLISC: Grey Literature International Steering Committee.

In an effort to enhance quality and standardization in the production of Grey Literature, members of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS) in Rome, Italy prepared the initial draft of these Guidelines referred to as the "Nancy Style". The proposal was formally presented during the Seventh International Conference on Grey Literature held in Nancy, France in December 2005.

Online Technical Writing: Technical Reports

Online textbook by David A. McMurrey

Technical Report Writing

NASA Technical Memorandum 105419. Carol A. Vidoli, Lewis Research Center.

University of Minnesota "Brand"

Web-page that contains links to U of M logos, suggested style manual, templates and more.

Citation Style Suggestions

U.S. Census Bureau

Uncle Sam: Brief Guide to Citing Government Publications

Creating by the Government Publications Department. Regional Depository Library. University of Memphis. Provides examples of the most common examples of government documentation.

BioMedCentral: For authors

Instructions for authors for manuscript submission

Instructions to Authors in the Health Sciences.

These pages provide links to Web sites which provide instructions to authors for over 3,500 journals in the health and life sciences. All links are to "primary sources" - that is, to publishers and organizations with editorial responsibilities for the titles. Maintained by the Raymon H. Mulford Library, Medical College of Ohio.

SHERPA/RoMEO

Publisher copyright policies and self-archiving.

This site can be used to find a summary of permissions that are normally given as part of each publisher's copyright transfer agreement. Searchable by journal title or publisher name. Can also be browsed by RoMEO colors, which differentiate between different archiving policies.

  • green: can archive pre-print and post-print
  • blue: can archive post-print
  • yellow: can archive pre-print
  • white: archiving not formally supported

University of Minnesota: Authorship

Office of the Vice President for Research. University Policies

Openness In Research Policy

All research conducted at the University by University faculty, staff, students, visiting researchers, and volunteers must conform to Board of Regents Policy: Openness in Research.

University of Minnesota Author’s Addendum

Instructions for the use of the University of Minnesota's author's addendum

NIH Public Access Policy & Compliance

Bio-Medical Library resource page for NIH Public Access Policy & Compliance.

Email address for library staff help with public access policy compliance. public-access@umn.edu

NIH Public Access Policy

Information on

  • Journals that [automatically]submit to PubMed Central
  • submission policies
  • frequently asked questions
  • policy details

NIH Manuscript Submission System

Entry page for manuscript submission to PubMed Central

NIH Manuscript Submission Help

Available as Quicktime videos, html slides or pdf downloads

PMID : PMCID Converter

If an article is in PubMed and in PMC, it will have both a PubMed ID (PMID) and a PMC ID. Use this converter to translate one type of ID to the other.

BioMed Central

BioMed Central is an STM (Science, Technology and Medicine) publisher of 257 peer-reviewed open access journals. The portfolio of journals spans all areas of biology, biomedicine and medicine.

Open Access Overview

by Peter Suber

University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy (UDC)

University of Minnesota's Institutional Repository.

Public Library of Science (PLoS)

Public Library of Science (PLOS) is a nonprofit publisher, membership, and advocacy organization with a mission to accelerate progress in science and medicine by leading a transformation in research communication.

PubMed Central

PubMed Central (PMC) is the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature.

SHERPA

SHERPA is investigating issues in the future of scholarly communication. It is developing open-access institutional repositories in universities to facilitate the rapid and efficient worldwide dissemination of research.

SPARC: the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

An international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication

All that JAS: Journal Abbreviation Sources

Registry of web resources that list or provide access to the full title of journal abbreviations.

Genamics JournalSeek: Medicine

Genamics JournalSeek is the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. Presently contains 60,458 titles. Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.

ISI Journal Abbreviation Index

Web of Science Journal abbreviation list.

JANE: Journal/Author Name Estimator

JANE helps authors find journals to submit articles to, similar papers to cite or helps editors locate potential reviewers.

From the website: Just enter the title and/or abstract of the paper in the box, and click on 'Find journals', 'Find authors' or 'Find Articles'. Jane will then compare your document to millions of documents in Medline to find the best matching journals, authors or articles.

JANE first searches for the 50 articles that are most similar to your input. For each of these articles, a similarity score between that article and your input is calculated. The similarity scores of all the articles belonging to a certain journal or author are summed to calculate the confidence score for that journal or author. The results are ranked by confidence score. Created by the Biosemantics Group (www.biosemantics.org)

List of Serials Indexed for Online Users

National Library of Medicine MEDLINE journal list

PubMed Journal Database

Search by title keyword or part of a word. Provides MEDLINE journal abbreviation, complete journal title, publisher and ISSN. Also has link to webpage containing list of PubMed journals that provide links to full text articles (all full-text, not just free full text)

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

A portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.). These indicators can be used to assess and analyze scientific domains. This platform takes its name from the SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicatorpdf, developed by SCImago from the widely known algorithm Google PageRank™. This indicator shows the visibility of the journals contained in the Scopus® database from 1996.

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

Lists information for over a quarter-million serial records such as newspapers, popular and trade magazines, and academic and scholarly journals. Includes active, ceased, and forthcoming publications. Search by title, subject and more.

Acronym Finder.com

Searchable database of more than 317,000 abbreviations and acronyms about computers, technology, telecommunications, and military acronyms and abbreviations

Online Biology Dictionary

Online Biology Dictionary is a free, concise, illustrated dictionary of biology and medicine.

Macrovolution.net is a website focusing on biology and evolutionary theory.

Cancer.gov dictionary

National Cancer Institute

A Dictionary of units of measurement.

Besides metric and other units of measurement, covers Apgar scoring, Glasgow coma scale, SI units for medical data and nutritional daily values.

Industry Specific Dictionaries

YourDictionary.com. Links to many general & industry specific dictionaries.

Medi-Lexicon

Over 70,000 medical, pharmaceutical, biomedical & healthcare acronyms and abbreviations.

Multilingual glossary of technical and popular medical terms in nine european languages

-an English dictionary of 1,830 medical terms, frequently used in written drug information - nine glossaries of 1830 scientific and popular medical terms, one in each of the nine official languages of the European Union. - an electronic database of the dictionary and glossaries - a user-friendly software interface as an Internet application, installed at the World-Wide Web server of the University of Gent, Belgium

Veterinary abbreviations and acronyms

This list focuses on abbreviations and acronyms commonly used in veterinary practice and supplements the standard and widely available reference sources such as Gale's Acronyms, Initialisms & Abbreviations Dictionary. It is intended for use by veterinary students, researchers, practitioners, and librarians. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Veterinary Medicine Library

Avoiding Plagiarism

From the OWL Onine Writing Lab, Purdue University.

Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: a guide to ethical writing.

Office of Research Integrity. US Department of Health & Human Services.

he purpose of this module is to help students, as well as professionals, identify and prevent questionable practices and to develop an awareness of ethical writing. This guide was written by Miguel Roig, PhD, from St. Johns University with funding from ORI.

Plagiarism: As Explained By Common Craft

Commoncraft.com

While Plagiarism can be intentional, it is more often caused by misunderstanding. Avoiding it means understanding the role of intellectual property and what makes plagiarism wrong. This video teaches:

  • Why giving credit to others is necessary
  • A definition of plagiarism
  • Steps to avoiding plagiarism
  • Types of ideas and media that can be plagiarized
  • Synthesis: Using the Work of Others

    Tutorial from the University of Maine at Farmington

    What is Plagiarism?

    Georgetown University

    Copyright Tools

    From the American Library Association's Office for Information Technology

    Digital Copyright Slider

    An interactive tool to help determine whether or not a work is protected by copyright or not. Set the arrow at the correct date and read the information is the windows

    Section 108 Spinner

    Use your mouse to turn the wheel chart to the desired section. Helps determine whether or not a particular reproduction is covered by Section 108

    Creative Commons

    Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that offers flexible copyright licenses for creative works.

    Copyright & Fair Use

    Prepared by Stanford University Libraries this is a very useful site.

    Copyright Clearance Center

    Here you can get permission to reproduce copyrighted content such as articles and book chapters in your journals, photocopies, coursepacks, library reserves, Web sites, e-mail and more.

    Copyright Crash Course

    The Copyright Crash Course Online Tutorial will help you learn about how ownership of copyrighted materials works, what is fair use and when and how to get permission to use someone else's materials.

    Copyright Information and Education (U of M Libraries)

    The site of the University of Minnesota Libraries' Copyright Information and Education Initiative, which supports an informed and educated University community on matters of copyright and its application in teaching, research, and scholarship. Includes tools such as a Fair Use Analysis Tool and Copyright Decision Map.

    Copyright: an overview

    This is a section of a larger main site covering all aspects of the law from the Cornell Law School (http://www.law.cornell.edu/). It is from the "Law about. . . " section of the main site.

    Copyright Permissions Office, U of M

    This office, secures permission for copyrighted materials use for instructional or other academic purposes by U of M faculty and staff. Photocopying guidelines are also provided.

    A Fair(y) Use Tale

    YouTube video that uses clips from Disney films to illustrate the concept of "Fair Use."

    United States Copyright Office

    Key publications, including informational circulars; application forms for copyright registration; links to the copyright law and to the homepages of other copyright-related organizations; news of what the Office is doing, including business-process reengineering plans, Congressional testimony and press releases, regulations; a link to online copyright records cataloged since 1978; and much more.