Maintained by: Katherine Chew

Last updated August 17, 2018

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American Board of Funeral Service Education

The American Board of Funeral Service Education (ABFSE) serves as the national academic accreditation agency for college and university programs in Funeral Service and Mortuary Science Education. ABFSE is the sole accrediting agency recognized by the US Department of Education and the Council on Higher Education Accreditation in this field.

Association for Death Education and Counseling

-- A gathering place on the web for lay personnel and professionals who provide grief counseling, funeral service education, and hospice care.

Cremation Association of North America

Founded in 1913, the Cremation Association of North America is an International organization of over 1500 members, composed of cemeterians, cremationists, funeral directors, industry suppliers and consultants.

Funeral Ethics Organization

FEO's mission is to promote ethical dealings in all death-related transactions by working for better understanding of ethical issues among funeral, cemetery, memorial industry practitioners, law enforcement, organ procurement organizations, and state agencies, as well as better understanding between these and the general public.

Funeral Service Foundation

-- Funeral service industry's charitable foundation. Supports scholarships, consumer assistance programs, research, education and the Howard C. Raether Library, a premier research library about funeral service through the ages.

International Cemetery and Funeral Association

The International Cemetery and Funeral Association (ICCFA), was founded in 1887 as the American Cemetery Association. The organization was created by cemetery owners and managers whose goal was to improve the appearance and operations of their properties. ICCFA is composed of more than 7,500 cemeteries, funeral homes, memorial designers, crematories and related businesses worldwide.

International Conference of Funeral Examing Boards

The International Conference of Funeral Service Examining Boards (ICFSEB or "The Conference") is a not-for-profit voluntary association providing examination services, information and regulatory support to funeral service licensing boards and educators, legislators and other regulatory agencies, and the public at large in various states, districts, provinces, jurisdictions and internationally.

International Order of the Golden Rule

The International Order of the Golden Rule is an international, not-for-profit membership organization of independent locally owned, family owned Golden Rule funeral homes.

MN Association of Cemeteries

he Minnesota Association of Cemeteries (MAC) was founded in 1924 as a nonprofit resource for cemetery managers. MAC has come to represent the interests of everyone concerned with the present and future of cemeteries in Minnesota.

MN Dept of Health: Mortuary Science Section

-- Licenses funeral homes, crematories, morticians, funeral directors and oversees cemetery regulation

MN Funeral Directors Association

-- A non-profit organization. Provides continuing education, FAQs and consumer information

National Alliance for Grieving Children

The National Alliance for Grieving Children (NAGC) provides a network for nationwide communication between hundreds of professionals and volunteers who want to share ideas, information and resources with each other to better support the grieving children and families they serve in their own communities. Through this network, the NAGC offers online education, hosts an annual symposium on children's grief, maintains a national data base of children's bereavement support programs and promotes national awareness to enhance public sensitivity to the issues impacting grieving children and teens.

National Funeral Directors Association

-- Largest funeral service organization in the world. Links to state associations, career information, continuing education, consumer information. Publishes The Director

National Funeral Directors & Morticians Association, Inc

Membership association of professional funeral directors and morticians and embalmers, whose members and members-at-large are also members of state associations of funeral directors, morticians and embalmers dedicated to promoting the common professional and business interests of its members.

THANOS: The Official Website of FIAT-IFTA: The World Organization of Funeral Operatives

FIAT-IFTA developed this website to improve communication between funeral professionals worldwide. This website offers information about the association, its members, exhibitions, suppliers and other interesting items.

Center for Grief, Loss and Transition

The Center for Grief provides a unique and critical service to the greater St. Paul and Minneapolis area and outlying regions of Minnesota. In operation since January, 1996, the Center for Grief has responded to the harsh reality of traumatic loss from homicide, suicide, accidental death, and multiple family losses.

The Compassionate Friends

The mission of The Compassionate Friends is to assist families toward the positive resolution of grief following the death of a child of any age and to provide information to help others be supportive. The Compassionate Friends is a national nonprofit, self-help support organization that offers friendship, understanding, and hope to bereaved parents, grandparents and siblings. There is no religious affiliation and there are no membership dues or fees.

Dougy Center for Grieving Children and Families

The Dougy Center provides a safe place for children, teens, young adults and their families who are grieving a death to share their experiences. They do this through peer support groups, education, and training.

Grief, Bereavement and Coping With Loss

Patient summary on loss, grief, and bereavement adapted from the summary written for health professionals by cancer experts.

Society of Military Widows

Purpose is to: benefit widows of members of all branches of the uniformed services of the United States by giving moral support, advice, referral service and, in general, help the widows of career military members to return to the main stream of normal living.


Established in 1995, it is the first online information and self-help resource for, and by, widows and widowers. Topics covered include grief, bereavement, recovery, and other information helpful to people, of all ages, religious backgrounds and sexual orientations, who have suffered the death of a spouse or life partner.

Consumer Resource Guide

From the International Cemetery, Cremation and Funeral Association (ICCFA).

"Straight answers to real questions about funeral and cemetery arrangements, cremation, grief and other issues related to the end of life."

Funeral Consumers Alliance

A Federation of Nonprofit Consumer Information Societies protecting a consumer's right to choose a meaningful, dignified, affordable funeral since 1963

Funeral Planning Checklist

National Caregivers Library

A list of all of the issues to consider when planning a funeral. Planning a funeral is a complicated process, which is made even more difficult by the emotional stress that accompanies the death of a loved one. Pre-Planning. All of these items can be arranged in advance of a person's death.

Funeral Planning Checklist

Provided by the Rochester Funeral Home, Marana, AZ.

Includes links to the following information:

Funeral Planning -- Don't Forget What Is Important

"BeRemembered is a free online social networking service. At BeRemembered, you can record how you want to be remembered by your family, friends and loved ones, even after you leave this life. You can record stories of your life, add pictures and video, describe how your end of life funeral event to be, even store private messages that are delivered to loved ones after you leave this life." (from website)

Shopping For Funeral Services: Consumer Information

When a loved one dies, grieving family members and friends often are confronted with dozens of decisions about the funeral — all of which must be made quickly and often under great emotional duress. What kind of funeral should it be? What funeral provider should you use? Should you bury or cremate the body, or donate it to science? What are you legally required to buy? What about the availability of environmentally friendly or “green” burials? What other arrangements should you plan? And, practically, how much is it all going to cost?

Provided by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).

Well Chosen Words: How to Write a Eulogy

Provided by the Midcounties Co-Operative Funeralcare UK)


The Encyclopedia Britannica

History of embalming

Brief overview from the Barton Family Funeral Service, Seattle, WA

How Embalming Changed Death

by Nikki Tundel, Minnesota Public Radio May 21, 2007.

Includes audio and other resources.

Part of Death Becomes Us series

Model Guidelines

The ICCFA Government and Legal Affairs Committee has developed a set of 28 model guidelines for state laws and regulations, which have been approved by the Board of Directors. The guidelines combine a sensitivity to consumer protection issues with the need for all industry members, whether for-profit or not-for-profit, cemeteries, funeral homes, retail monument dealers or crematories, to conduct their operations according to sound business principles. Below are listed the links for all 28 model guidelines, plus an economic review of minimum funding requirements titled, “A Study of Preneed Funding Requirements.”

Consumer Resource Guide

Answers common FAQs about cremation

Internet Cremation Society

The Internet Cremation Society was started in 1994 by a funeral director and cremation society owner in New Hampshire. The Internet Cremation Society has grown to become the largest collection of on-line cremation resources available. The site has evolved to become the only cremation web portal on the Internet.

Recommended Procedures for Handling Dead Human Bodies by an Authorized Cremation Authority

Originally developed by the Cremation Association of North America Modified and endorsed in 1985 by the International Cemetery, Cremation and Funeral Association

Association for Gravestone Studies

Their mission is to foster appreciation of the cultural significance of gravestones and burial grounds through their study and preservation.

Cemetery Symbolism: A Wary Glossary

by Joel GAzis-SAx / City of the Silent

Cemetery Symbolism In Stone

Presented by Bret Peterson

Funeral Etiquette: At the service

The Emily Post Institute

Muslim Funeral Traditions


A Guide to a Proper Buddhist Funeral

by Koperasi Buddhisme Malaysia Berhad.

Japanese Buddhist Funeral Customs

By: Billy Hammond (TanuTech)

Jewish Funerals, Burial & Mourning

Published by Kavod v'Nichum & the Jewish Funeral Practices Committee of Greater Washington

Military Funeral Customs

From Arlington Cemetery

National Museum of Funeral History

With over 20,000 square feet of exhibition space the National Museum of Funeral History is the largest educational center on Funeral Heritage in the United States.

Abbott & Hast: Death Care Web Directory

Extensive portal to a vast array of death care links.

Champion Expanding Encyclopedia of Mortuary Practices

-- The Champion Expanding Encyclopedia of Mortuary Practices is published and disseminated by the Champion Company to the embalming/funeral service profession and related professions. Current installments are available on the Web as pdf files.

Death to Dust: What Happens to Dead Bodies?

-- Selected excerpts from the second edtion of Kenneth V. Iserson's classic Death to Dust. Includes: decomposition, death investigation factiods, funeral industry jargon and more.

Egyptian Book of the Dead

Translated by E.A. Wallis Budge.

Posted by The Nazarene Way of Essenic Studies

Encyclopedia of Death & Dying

Online encyclopedia, produced by the Thomson Gale publishing company, c2005.

Management of Dead Bodies After Disasters: A Field Manual for First Responders

Pan American Health Organization.

This manual will be useful during the immediate response to a disaster and where forensic response is unavailable. Furthermore, it will be useful for those preparing mass fatality disaster plans. The recommendations are relevant for local, regional and national authorities as well as for non-governmental organizations. The principles outlined in this document are being implemented and promoted by a variety of organizations, including the Pan American Health Organization, the World Health Organization, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations

The Pan American Health Organization invited a broad range of experts to compile this manual, which analyzes the role of the State in coordinating and carrying out the processes of managing dead bodies, which, along with the assistance provided to disaster survivors and the maintenance of basic services, is a fundamental part of disaster response.

The Modern Embalmer

The Champion Company

An interactive open forum website hosted by James H. Bedino, our [Champion's] Embalmer/Chemist, with discussion and commentary concerning modern embalming topics, techniques and problems facing modern embalmers.

Autopsy (Post Mortem Examination, Obduction)

Multi-part article on by Melissa Conrad Stoppler, MD.

The autopsy, medicine, and mortality statistics

Hoyert D. -- National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 3(32). 2001.

an anthology of autopsy cases illustrating the value of the autopsy to the practice of medicine and the vital statistics system

The Basicis of Funeral Service

Mini-tutorial sponsored by the Indiana Funeral Director's Association; created by Curtis D. Rostad.

Death: An Inquiry Into Man's Mortal Weakness

-- An interactive ThinkQuest site that explores the topic of death: from causes; coping with death to the finality of death & the uncertainty that follows.

Death: and how people go about doing it.

An interactive ThinkQuest site that explores why people die and how people in various cultures deal with the process and aftermath. Covers the biological process, the psychology, social implications and cultural aspects.

Death: The last taboo

This online exhibition by the Australian Museum looks at what happens to us after we die; how different cultures dispose of, mourn and remember their dead and takes a remarkable journey through how death has been dealt with through the ages.

Grief in a Family Context

Online course created by Kathleen R. Gilbert, Ph.D, Indiana University. Contains extensive list of resource links


MedlinePlus brings together authoritative information from NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies and health-related organizations.

Project Death in America: Transforming the Culture of Dying

From 1994 to 2003, the Project on Death in America (PDIA) worked to understand and transform the culture and experience of dying and bereavement. Over the course of nine years, PDIA created funding initiatives in professional and public education, the arts, research, clinical care, and public policy. PDIA and its grantees have helped build and shape this important and growing field, and have helped place improved care for the dying on the public agenda.

Although PDIA is no longer making grants, the Open Society Institute's International Palliative Care Inititiative will continue its work in Central and Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, and South Africa. Part of the OSI Public Health Program, these international initiatives exemplify the Open Society Institute's continued committment to advocate for palliative care as a public health issue. These global issues are an important part of the legacy of the Project on Death in America.

Includes link to PDIA grantees.

Sociology of Death & Dying

-- This meta-index of death & dying resources includes the following topics: cross-cultural issues; death in the arts and humanities; types of death; life after death; obituaries; memorials; religion; politics; euthanasia and physician assisted suicide; animal rights; grief; funeral customs and planning. It is complied and maintained by Michael C. Kearl, Trinity University.

National Museum of Funeral History

With over 20,000 square feet of exhibition space the National Museum of Funeral History is the largest educational center on Funeral Heritage in the United States and perhaps the world.

Located in Houston, TX.

Funeral Director's Guide to Consumer-Friendly General Price Lists

"Everything you need to know to make your price list legal and easy to use."

From the Funeral Consumers Alliance

Funeral Directors' Handbook on Death Registration and Fetal Death Reporting: 2003 Revision

Handbook contains instructions for funeral directors for completing and filing records of death and fetal death. These instructions pertain to the 2003 revisions of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death and the U.S. Standard Report of Fetal Death and the 1992 revision of the Model State Vital Statistics Act and Regulations. From the Centers for Disease Control. National Center for Health Statistics.

Funeral Rule: 16 CFR Part 453

Text and supplemental documents

Complying With the Funeral Rule

-- Aimed at professionals in the funeral service industry, the Federal Trade Commission defines who in the funeral service profession must follow the Funeral Rule, which was created to protect the interests of consumers needing funeral services or goods.

FTC Funeral Rule

A guide for consumers from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).

Mortuary Science Section: Minnesota Dept of Health

Licenses funeral homes, crematories, morticians, funeral directors and oversee cemetery regulation. Regulations are set forth in Minnesota Statues 149A.

"Choices" Information on the regulations and requirements of the final disposition of a dead human body in Minnesota

Booklet prepared by the Mortuary Science section answering the most common questions asked by consumers.

Minesota State Laws & Rules

Laws and statutes that govern the Minnesota Funeral Industry and cemeteries

Creutz-Jakob Disease, Classic (CJD): Information for Funeral and Crematory Practitioners

Information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Creutzfelt-Jakob Disease: For Funeral Professionals

From the Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Foundation

Old Cemeteries, Arsenic and Health Safety

by John L. Konefes and Michael K. McGee.


Sources of statistics on mortality and the funeral industry

Atlas of US Mortality

"...the first to show all leading causes of death by race and sex for small U.S. geographic areas referred to as Health Service Areas (HSA's). The 18 causes of death included in this atlas account for 83 percent of all deaths in the United States during 1988-92."

Produced by the National Center for Health Statistics.

NCI GIS Portal -- Interactive Cancer Atlases

NCI GIS Portal is a web-based station for interactive mapping and visualization of cancer related geo-spatial data. The portal combines Geographic Information Science (GIS) principles and tools to harmonize a relatively large and multi-dimensional datasets, including population-based cancer statistics and behavioral, environmental, clinical, socioeconomic, and policy data at the county and state levels. The tools that comprise GIS Portal combine intelligent web maps with graphs, charts, tables, and text to inform, educate, and inspire users to generate research hypothesis.

Deaths-Leading Causes

From the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

Human Mortality Database

Created to provide detailed mortality and population data to researchers, students, journalists, and policy analysts. Detailed data from 28 countries. Data is free to use, but requires registration.

Mortality Data from the National Vital Statistics System

Large data wharehouse of mortality statistics, including life expectancy, death certificates and the Atlas of United States Mortality

Rates of Cremation & Burial

National Funeral Directors Association

Social Security Death Index

The SSDI contains more than 80 million records of death benefits beneficiaries. Information in each record includes the following information: first and last name and middle initial of the deceased; dates of birth and death; Social Security number and last residence of the decease.

Death Becomes Us

Minnesota Public Radio Series by Nikki Tundel, May 2007.

Throughout history, civilizations have developed ways to deal with and honor the dead. From embalming to cremation, funeral services to burial ceremonies, the rituals of death tell us a lot about the living. What do our customs say about our society? And how do our practices shape the way we view our final fate?

Sections include:

  • How embalming changed death
  • The art of death
  • Death: have it your way
  • Graveyard shifts
  • Death gets personal
  • Sleep with the fishes-- and other options for your loved ones
  • Diversity in death

Death: It's A Living

CNBC Original: Season 2, Episode 32 (43 min.)

"Death isn't just a certainty; it's an industry, built around rituals designed to ease grieving–and drive profits. Once bound by tradition, this highly competitive and little-understood business is reinventing itself for the 21st century."

U of M marks 100 years of mortuary science training.

by Lorna Benson, Minnesota Public Radio

October 31, 2008.

The Undertaking

Frontline program based on the critically acclaimed book by Thomas Lynch The Undertaking: Life Studies from the Dismal Trade.

CINAHL (Nursing & Allied Health)

CINAHL, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, has a multidisciplinary scope covering nursing, 17 allied health disciplines, biomedicine, consumer health, health sciences librarianship and selected standards of professional practice.


Informational page on how to search CINAHL

Morgue, The

-- Author/subject index to 11 English language journals within the field of Mortuary Science. Covers years 1997-present (not all journals all years).


Search MEDLINE databases for journal articles in the health sciences. MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database/article index that contains over 17 million references to journal articles. Coverage is from 1949 to the present. Over 5200 journals worldwide in over 37 languages are indexed.


Informational webpage


Going back to 1806, this is the most comprehensive database for psychological research. With a little guidance from this tutorial, you'll be able to go from a general idea to a very precise set of results of scholarly materials.


This is the primary source of journal article for the health sciences. You can search MEDLINE and preMEDLINE databases with full text access to all MEDLINE e-journals subscribed to by the University of Minnesota TC Libraries. MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database/article index that contains over 17 million references to journal articles. Coverage is from 1949 to the present. Over 5200 journals worldwide in over 37 languages are accessible.

PubMed (Bio-Medical Library guide)

This guide from the Bio-Medical Library gives users an overview on how to search the free web version of the Medline database, PubMed.

Mortuary Science and Bereavement Journals 2013

List of available journals in both mortuary science and grief/bereavement

Death and Burial Collection

Bibliography of the Death and Burial Collection. Purchased on the Occasion of the 75th Anniversary of the Department of Mortuary Science 1908-1983 Kathleen and William L. McReavy Benefactors

Death and Dying Resources

Resource page on various aspects of death, grief and mourning.

Death and Dying

This subject covers: the psychological, sociological and physical aspects of death and the dying process

Forensic Medicine

This subject covers: the application of medical knowledge to questions of law.

Mortuary Science

This subject covers: the activities associated with the physical burial of the dead.


Interactive web-based anatomy program. 3-D digital photographs,mri, video, quizes and more

Bio-Medical Library

Serves the areas of dentistry, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and public health.

Electronic Books

This link will take you to the Bio-Medical Library electronic books page. On that page, organized by topic, are links to books that are available in electronic format.

Electronic Journals

This link will take you to the University Libraries Electronic Journals page. On that page you can either search for a specific journal, magazine or newspaper title or enter an e-journal vendor site. You will be presented with a list of results. Click on the appropriate title to begin accessing the online version of that periodical. Keyword searching of more than one journal at a time is sometimes possible, depending upon the search capabilities provided by the vendor who supplied the original journal that you referenced.

Get It

University of Minnesota Twin Cities (UMTC) faculty, staff and students can request books from the University Libraries at the click of a button. Users simply locate the item they wish to obtain in our catalog, click the "Get It/Recall" link displayed on its availability page , and select where they would like to pick the item up. Get It services includes delivery to any TC campus library location and on-campus office delivery option for UMTC faculty and staff.

Writing Guides & Style Manuals in the Biological and Health Sciences

Lists writing resources found both within the University Libraries system and on the Internet. Links to guides on research paper composition sources, grammar and sentence structure, APA style guides and other useful information.

Citation Manager Tools

Citation managers are software packages used to create personalized databases of citation information and notes. They allow you to: import and organize citation information from article indexes and other sources save links to pdfs and other documents, and in some cases save the document itself format citations for your papers and bibliographies using APA and many other styles include your own notes

Ask a Librarian -- Bio-Medical Library Reference

-- Use the web-based forms found here to get individualized library research support. You can ask a quick question, request a literature search, or set up a meeting to consult with a librarian.

Ask Us!

Get individualized library research support for your courses via chat (24/7), email, phone, or in-person.

University of Minnesota Libraries' Website

The University Libraries' Digital Library Gateway.

Assignment Calculator

Enter in the due date for your research project (paper, speech, video, poster, lab report) and get a suggested time-line for completing your project on time plus links to the resources on campus that will help you succeed in each step.

Reference Sources

-- Access to dictionaries, encyclopedias, style manuals and much more.

University Libraries Citation Guides and Style Manuals

-- APA style guide as well as MLA and other style manuals available electronically