Table of Contents:   

Journal Article Databases

Primary Resources


OVID, like PubMed, is an online database used to search MEDLINE. It includes journal citations from the fields of medicine, public health, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and the basic biomedical sciences. MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database/article index that contains over 20 million references to journal articles. Coverage is from 1949 to the present. Over 5200 journals worldwide in over 37 languages are indexed.

OVID provides an interface to search MEDLINE that is well-suited for systematic literature searches.  You can create a personal OVID account to save your search strategies in the MyProjects section, and you can also save articles and create autoalerts.  OVID MEDLINE is a subscription-based resource paid for by the University. 

  • Searching OVID Medline - Need more information on searching Ovid Medline? Click on the link for a guide with helpful tips. 


PubMed is another way to search Medline. Both PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE are searching the same content, they just search it differently. If you are new to searching for journal articles on a topic, it may be good to start with Ovid, but also learn PubMed too. As a nurse unaffiliated with the University of MInnesota, you may only have access to searching PubMed in the future. 

  • Searching PubMed - Need more information on searching PubMed? Click on the link for a guide with helpful tips.


CINAHL, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, has a multidisciplinary scope covering nursing, 17 allied health disciplines, biomedicine, consumer health, health sciences librarianship and selected standards of professional practice.  For the nursing literature, there is a great deal of overlap between CINAHL and MEDLINE.  CINAHL covers all the English-language nursing literature, so you'll find smaller journals that aren't covered by MEDLINE.  Since CINAHL is a much smaller, nursing-specific database than MEDLINE, it contains more choices of nursing-focused subject headings, and is useful for search questions specific to nursing. 


Covers all areas of psychology. Provides bibliographic citations and abstracts to articles from more than 1300 international journals in psychology and related fields. In addition, PsycINFO covers books, book chapters, and dissertations.  PsycINFO overlaps with MEDLINE, but provides much deeper coverage of psychology literature and is a good choice for search questions with psychology aspects.  

Secondary Resources

Google Scholar

Google Scholar uses the Google interface and search algorithms to find articles from a wide variety of academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the web.  Connect to Google Scholar through the Libraries' web site to gain off-campus access to all the articles and journals in full text in the Libraries. To connect to the full text, click "FindIt@U of M Twin Cities" in your Google Scholar search results. Then click the "Find It" link to get a menu of full text and Library services. Learn more: Google Scholar FAQ.


An interdisciplinary citation database covering health sciences, physical sciences, arts, and humanities in a single search interface.  A superior tool for author searching, and for tracing cited articles.

Special Databases

Health and Psychosocial Instruments (HaPI)

Describes instruments used to assess health and behavior of infants, children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly. Topics covered include public health, communication, psychology, management, nursing, organizational behavior, medicine, sociology, physical education, psychiatry, human resources, gerontology and dental medicine. Covers questionnaires, interview schedules, observation checklists and manuals, index measures, coding schemes, scenarios and vignettes, rating scales, projective techniques and tests. Includes title, author, publication resource, development date, publication date, subjects, description and reliability and validity information. International coverage.

The Libraries' subscription to this resource allows for one user at any one time. If you get a busy signal, please wait a few minutes and try accessing the site again.

Digital Dissertations (online)

1861 - present (Doctoral dissertations)
1962 - present (Masters theses). Description: Dissertations and theses from over 1000 universities. Doctoral dissertations are indexed for almost all North American graduate schools and many European universities. Masters theses from selected schools only. Provides bibliographic citations for older titles. Abstracts are included for dissertations since 1980 and for masters theses since 1988.

Some dissertations, beginning with 1997 publication dates, are available digitally.

Journal Citation Reports

Journal Citation Reports provides easy access to data that helps you evaluate and compare approx 8,400 scholarly and technical journals worldwide. Includes the Impact Factor for these journals.

News Sources at the University Libraries

Includes a list of finding tools, indexes, and guides to special collections of newspapers available through the University Libraries.

Evidence-Based Practice and Point of Care Resources 

Cochrane Library

The Cochrane Library consists of a collection of regularly updated evidence-based health care databases. The Cochrane collection is designed to provide information and evidence to support health care decision-making. 

DynaMed Plus is an evidence-based clinical decision support tool with content from a team of physicians. It is designed for use at point-of-care. Over 3,200 topic summaries covering diseases, disorders, diagnostics, and drugs are derived from peer reviewed journals and systematic evidence review databases.

The mission of our collaboration is to champion the cause of health care quality and to accelerate improvement in the value of the health care we deliver to the populations we serve. ICSI's vision is to be a collaboration that is deemed essential by its members for their improvement of health care and deemed essential by our community as a trusted voice for quality in health care. 

National Guideline Clearinghouse

The National Guideline ClearinghouseTM (NGCTM) is a comprehensive database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents. NGC is an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)

An independent panel of experts in primary care and prevention that systematically reviews the evidence of effectiveness and develops recommendations for clinical preventive services. 

Drug and Supplement Information 


Provides access to drug information resources, including DRUGDEX; POISINDEX; Martindale, the Extra Pharmacopoeia; Index Nominum; and Physician's Desk Reference. 

Natural Medicines

Natural Medicines is an international research collaboration that aggregates and synthesizes data on complementary and alternative therapies. Using a comprehensive methodology and reproducible grading scales, information is created that is evidence-based, consensus-based, and peer-reviewed, tapping into the collective expertise of a multidisciplinary Editorial Board. Includes these databases: Foods, Herbs, & Supplements; Health & Wellness; Genomics & Proteomics; Medical Conditions; Comparative Effectiveness; Brand Names; and Interactive Tools.


Clinical Key

Full text access to selected medical texts, medical journals, practice guidelines, drug information, patient handouts, and CME materials. 

Access Medicine

E-Book collection of core basic sciences and clinical titles. 


Provides keyword searchable access to the full text of major medical, nursing, dental, and drug textbooks.  

Cultural Care Resources

Culture Clues

Culture Clues contains tip sheets for clinicians, designed to increase awareness about concepts and preferences of patients from the diverse cultures served by University of Washington Medical Center. 


EthnoMed contains information about cultural beliefs, medical issues and other related issues pertinent to the health care of recent immigrants to the US. Also has links to patient education materials in a wide variety of languages. EthnoMed is a joint program of the University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries and Harborview Medical Center's Interpreter Services Department/Community House Calls Program (ISD/CHC). 


Patient Education/Consumer Health 


 KidsHealth is a project of The Nemours Foundation. KidsHealth is a project of The Nemours Foundation. It is an excellent resource for patient information at the child, teen, and parent reading levels. 


MedlinePlus has extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other trusted sources on over 590 diseases and conditions. There are also lists of hospitals and physicians, a medical encyclopedia and dictionaries, health information in Spanish, extensive information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, health information from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials.  

Mayo Clinic Patient Care and Health Information

Patient-level information on diseases and conditions, symptoms, tests and procedures, and drugs and supplements.

Visual Resources

The world's most detailed 3D model of human anatomy available online created by Primal Pictures. Includes features such as interactive zoom, rotation, angle, interactive layers, extensive text, MRI, clinical slides and xrays, live action movies, animations, radiology slides, dissection videos and slides, surface anatomy videos and slides. Focuses on muscles, ligaments, nerves, veins, arteries, bones. 

Bates' Visual Guide to Physical Examination

Bates' Visual Guide delivers head-to-toe and systems-based physical examination techniques. The site features more than 8 hours of video content.

Nursing Education in Video

Online, streaming collection of videos for the education and training of nurses and other healthcare workers. Contains over 250 full videos, with searchable, synchronized transcripts, which can easily be embedded into online courses. Topics covered include clinical skills, exam skills, procedures, communication (including cross-cultural communication), ethical issues, legal issues, and much more. 

Managing Your Information

The abundance of information--some useful, some not--has turned us all into curators of our personal collections. If you're feeling overwhelmed by all the information in your life, or just want to find a way to format a few citations, check out the personal information management site.

Organizing and Managing Your Citations

Using a citation manager can help you to organize your citations and seamlessly create a bibliography at the end of a research paper or manuscript. You can learn about two of the citations mangers commonly used in the health sciences below.

Mendeley: Personal Citation Manager

Mendeley is a freely available citation manager that allows you to manage your PDFs and create a database of your own citations by importing references or PDFs. Mendeley also has a plug-in for MS Word called Cite-O-Matic which allows you to format papers and bibliographies.

Using Mendeley for the first time? See the videos below to learn about how Mendeley can help you organize your research. You can also view additional guides and tutorials from

EndNote: Personal Citation Manager

EndNote is a computer based, desk-top citation manager that is available for purchase with academic pricing through the University Bookstore.

Here are some additional resources about migrating references from RefWorks to EndNote Desktop and EndNote Basic:

RefWorks: Personal Citation Manager (RefWorks Transition Guide)

The University of Minnesota’s subscription to RefWorks will expire at the end of July, 2017 and will not be renewed. Please schedule an appointment with your subject librarian for more information on how to choose a new citation manager.


APA Style Resources 

APA 6th Style Guide (from the Purdue Online Writing Lab)

An excellent resource on APA style guidelines for formatting the paper and creating a reference list. 

APA Reference Style Guide (from Northern Michigan University)

Nice APA style resource with many examples of citation formats, as well as nursing and health-specific examples. 

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: Bio-Medical Library Reference WZ345 P976 2010

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, educators, and professionals in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and justice administration. 

Tutorial on Literature Searching

This series of recordings goes through the process of understanding a structured database and conducting an efficient literature search. 

 Helpful Handouts and Supporting Videos:

Bio-Medical Library Information

Related Author: 
Liz Weinfurter

Subject Specialist

Liz Weinfurter

Liz Weinfurter

314 Diehl Hall
(612) 624-6492

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