Citations

Citations are brief notations in the body of a research paper that point to a source in the bibliography or references cited section.

If your paper quotes, paraphrases, summarizes the work of someone else, you need to use citations.

Citation style guides such as APA, Chicago and MLA provide detailed instructions on how citations and bibliographies should be formatted.

Why Cite

  • Maintain scholarly integrity and avoid plagiarism
  • Give credit to other authors and researchers for their ideas and research
  • Provide resources to validate your theory
  • Contribute to future research and scholarship

Parts of a citation

Journal article citation:

Dunn WG, Walters MR. A randomized crossover trial of the acute effects of a deep-fried mars bar or porrridge on the cerebral vasculature. Scott Med J. 2014;59(4):182-187.

  • Authors: Dunn WG, Walters MR. 
  • Title: A randomized crossover trial of the acute effects of a deep-fried mars bar or porrridge on the cerebral vasculature.
  • Journal Abbreviation: Scott Med J.
  • Volume: 59
  • Issue: 4
  • Pages: 182-187

Resources