Staff ImageSubject Librarian: Katie Wilson
Subject Description:This subject covers: the use of living cells or microorganisms in the large scale industrial processes, such as chemical synthesis and fermentation, including the genetic engineering of organisms for these purposes. Related topics are: Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Engineering, Biomedical.

Article Databases and Indexes

* Premier Resources *

MNCAT Article Discovery This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

MNCAT Article Discovery is the Library's powerful new tool that simultaneously searches hundreds of databases, including popular ones such as JSTOR, Project MUSE and Medline.

Scopus Authentication Required

An abstract and citation database with a single search platform searching content from ScienceDirect, Scopus, SciTopics, and relevant Web content.

Web of Science Authentication Required This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Search within a comprehensive interdisciplinary collection of journal article citations. Subjects generally covered are within Science and technology, arts and humanities, and social sciences . Use the citation web to find articles and journals with the most impact. Coverage runs from 1975 to the present. Find help on their website.

Academic or Scholarly Articles Subject Indexes

AGRICOLA (Ovid) Authentication Required This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Search here to find citations and abstracts for articles from over 600 periodicals, as well as USDA and state experiment station and extension publications, and selected books on agriculture, animal husbandry, animal and human nutrition, forestry, plant pathology, plant science, human ecology, agricultural economics, rural sociology. The basic truncation symbol is the asterisk: *.

Business Source Premier Enhanced Authentication Required This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

This resource is licensed by the MINITEX Library Information Network with state appropriations from the Minnesota Higher Education Services Office (MHESO) and the Minnesota Department of Education.
This version of Business Source Premier provides makes it easy to find articles along with other specialized reports. These inlcude company profiles and industry reports from Datamonitor, country profiles from research advisory services such as the Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU) and market research from various trade publications. A good resource for business and economic topics and global studies.

CAB Abstracts Plus Full Text Select Authentication Required This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

CAB Abstracts covers agriculture in its broadest sense, including crop production, forestry, environment, animal health and nutrition, veterinary science, agricultural engineering, biotechnology, soil and water, agricultural economics, recreation and tourism, rural sociology, and human nutrition and health. Indexes journal articles, monographs, conferences, and other primary literature.

Engineering Village Authentication Required

Search both Inspec and Compendex for articles and conference papers related to engineering, computer science, and physics.

Google Scholar (UMN setup required) This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

To gain off-campus access to articles from library journal subscriptions, change the Library Settings to University of Minnesota Twin Cities in Google Scholar (see this tutorial) Use Google Scholar to find articles from academic publishers, professional societies, research institutes, and scholarly repositories from colleges and universities. Look for the "FindIt@U of M Twin Cities" links in your Google Scholar search results to access library subscriptions. Learn more: Google Scholar FAQ

PubMed Authentication Required

This is the primary source of journal article for the health sciences. You can search MEDLINE and preMEDLINE databases with full text access to all MEDLINE e-journals subscribed to by the University of Minnesota TC Libraries. MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database/article index that contains over 17 million references to journal articles. Coverage is from 1949 to the present. Over 5200 journals worldwide in over 37 languages are accessible.

SciFinder Authentication Required This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

SciFinder is the best database for chemistry-related topics. Registration is required, and you must download VPN and then log in to it for off-campus access.

SciFinder includes journal and patent references,chemical regulatory data, and supplier, reaction, and substance information.

General Indexes to Magazine, Journal & Newspaper Articles

Academic Search Premier Authentication Required This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

The world's largest academic multi-disciplinary database. Includes full text access to over 4,000 scholarly (peer-reviewed) publications back to 1975. A great place to start your research on any topic. Find search tips on their help page.

Factiva Authentication Required

Full text articles and transcripts from news sources, business magazines, and websites with international and foreign language coverage. Includes daily newspapers, television transcripts, newswires, and all editions of the Wall Street Journal. Financial information for publicly traded companies, stocks, funds, currencies, and common market indexes. Limited to 7 simultaneous users. PLEASE NOTE: Due to our academic Factiva subscription, thousands of titles are unavailable, and those change daily. Other sources to consider include Newsbank and Proquest Global Newstream.

Health and Medicine in the News

Lists citations to health-related articles reported in the Star Tribune - Newspaper of the Twin Cities [Minneapolis Edition].

Indexes, Other

Patents (United States)

The USPTO Web Patent Database offers the full text of all US patents issued since January 1, 1976 and full-page images of each page of every US patent issued since 1790 through the most recent weekly issue date. Publisher/Producer is the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Catalogs and Bibliographies


Library Catalog

Search with the Library Catalog to find books, journals, etc. owned by the library. Search by keyword, subject, title, or author for materials on your topic.

MNCAT (University of Minnesota Libraries catalog)

Search for books, conference proceedings, journals, maps, videos, and other items in our collection.

General Reference Sources

Biographical Sources

American Men and Women of Science

Provides brief factual information on approximately 130,000 living scientists in biology, physical sciences, public health, mathematics, statistics, and computer science. Includes birthdate, education, professional career, and honors received.

Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography Authentication Required

Focuses particularly on contemporary scientists and includes selected bibliographies, chronologies, tables of scientific discoveries, and quotations.

Chemical Compounds


ChemIDplus indexes more than 368,000 records for chemical substances cited in the National Library of Medicine (NLM) databases. It is searchable by Name, Synonym, CAS Registry Number, Molecular Formula, Classification Code, Locator Code, and Structure (requires Chime plug-in or ISIS/Draw). The records contain information on structure, names and synonyms, formulas, registry numbers, and some physical properties in addition to toxicity information and links to NLM-indexed articles which cite the substances.

Combined Chemical Dictionary Authentication Required

Database of descriptive & numerical data on chemical, physical & biological properties of compounds; systematic & common names; literature references; & structures. Contains all compounds included in: Dictionary of Organic Compounds (255,000 records) Dictionary of Natural Products (170,000) ; Dictionary of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds (101,000) ; Dictionary of Drugs (40,000+) ; Dictionary of Analytical Reagents (14,000)


Dictionary of Gene Technology Terms

MAGRATH Reference QH442 .Z48 2001

Dictionary of Gene Technology: Genomics, Transcriptomics, Proteomics

MAGRATH Reference QH506 .K333 2004

Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology

MAGRATH Reference QR9 .S56 2001

Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary

BIO-MED Reference W13 D711d

Facts on File Dictionary of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

MAGRATH Reference TP248.16 .S84 2001

Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary Authentication Required

WALTER Sci/Eng Ref (Desk) QD5 .C5 2001

Gives technical and descriptive data for common substances and phenomena. Identifies thousands of chemicals by name, physical properties, source of occurrence, shipping regulations, CAS number, hazards, derivations, synonyms and applications. Available online through Knovel as well as in print.

Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology

BIO-MED Reference QW513 C957i 2003

Life Science Dictionary (BioTech)

Defines over 6,500 terms associated with biochemistry, biotechnology, botany, cellular biology and genetics, as well as chemistry, ecology, medicine, pharmacology and toxicology terms. Both words and definitions can be searched.



MAGRATH Reference Quarto TP248.17 .B56y

Directory of US biotechnology companies with financial and research information for each.

Biotechnology Guide U.S.A. : Companies, Data, and Analysis , 5th ed.

WALTER SCI/ENG Reference HD9999 .B443 D53x 1999; BIO-MED Reference HD9999 .B443 B616 1999

"Covers companies in these areas of interest: animal agriculture, aquaculture, biomass conversion, biomaterials, biosensors & bioelectronics, bioseparations, cell culture, clinical diagnostics, commodity chemicals, consulting, cosmetics/health/beauty products, drug delivery, energy, environmental treatment/testing, and equipment."

Nature Biotechnology Directory

Global information resource listing over 8,000 organizations, product and service providers in the biotechnology industry.


Encyclopedia of Analytical Science

WALTER Sci/Eng Reference QD71.5 .E53 2005

A ten-volume set describing the theory and applications of various analytical techniques. The index has more individual compounds than that of the Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry.

Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry Authentication Required

Covers all areas of biochemistry including aspects related to molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, and biophysics. Intended for a cross-disciplinary audience.

Encyclopedia of Evolution

MAGRATH Reference (Encylopedias) QH360.2 .E54 2002

This is a comprehensive and concise guide to evolutionary biology, from the origins of species to the selfish gene and beyond.

Encyclopedia of Immunology

BIO-MED Reference QW513 E56 1998

A comprehensive reference source of current immunological knowledge. Includes information for experimental and clinical immunologists and scientists and physicians from related fields.

Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology and Molecular Medicine

BIO-MED Reference QH506 E562 2004

Frontiers of Life

MAGRATH Reference (Encyclopedias) Quarto QH302.5 .F7613x 2002 v.1-4

Four-volume encyclopedia of the life sciences containing articles that are well illustrated with photographs, sketches, and graphs; each article ends with a comprehensive bibliography and there is an extensive subject index at the end of the fourth volume.

Handbooks and Manuals

Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology

1st Ed: MAGRATH Reference; PLANT PATH Reference; VET MED 3 Day Reserve QR81 .B46 1984<br> BIO-MED Reference QW50 B496 1984<br> 2nd Ed.: MAGRATH Reference; VET MED 3 Day Reserve QR81 .B46 2001<br> BIO-MED Reference QW50 B496 2001

Standard guide to the classification of bacteria. (Second Edition is currently in production, with volumes 1 and 2 released and volume 3 currently in preparation.)

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics Authentication Required

Available online and in print. QD65 .H236 WALTER Sci/Eng Ref (Desk); BIO-MED Reference; MAGRATH Ref (Desk); VETERINARY MEDICINE Reference; Ent/Fish/Wild Library Reference; PLANT PATHOLOGY Reference; Wilson Reference

Annually published reference source for chemical & physical property data, nomenclature, structure, & composition of substances. Includes physical constants of organic & inorganic compounds, conversion factors, & much more.

Current Protocols Authentication Required

Series of standard, authoritative guides to research laboratory methods in the life sciences; the Libraries subscribe to Plant Biology.

Limited access to articles published through 2011 for Cell Biology, Human Genetics, Immunology and Neuroscience.

Limited access to articles published through 2015 for Bioinformatics and Toxicology.

Limited access to articles published through 2016 for Microbiology, Molecular Biology, and Protein Science.

Handbook of Microbiological Media

BIO-MED Reference QW39 A881h 2004

Compilation of the formulations, methods of preparation, and uses for different media.

Knovel Authentication Required

Knovel provides online access to reference books, databases, and conference proceedings from a number of publishers that cover all areas of engineering and includes content relevant to related sciences (e.g., chemistry and earth sciences). It includes interactive graphs and tables and is a good starting point when you need a piece of data quickly.

Lange's Handbook of Chemistry Authentication Required

WALTER Sci/Eng Reference TP151 .H25

Classic reference covering the entire field of chemistry, with up-to-date facts, figures, numerical values, tables, and formulas.

Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals Authentication Required

Classic reference source for chemists; contains over 10,000 entries on drugs and pharmaceuticals, common organic chemicals and laboratory reagents. The entries include data such as chemical names, molecular formula, chemical structure, physical data, literature references, and more.

Nature Protocols Authentication Required

Nature Protocols is an online resource for experimental protocols, primarily in biology and chemistry, including authoritative, peer-reviewed 'Nature Protocols' and an interactive 'Protocols Network'. The two create a dynamic forum for scientists to upload and comment on protocols.

OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man) This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Extensive online catalog of human genes and genetic disorders, with detailed monographs on mechanistic and clinical aspects of the genes, disease states, and variations.

Practical Handbook of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

MAGRATH Reference QP514.2 .P73 1989 WALTER SCI/ENG Reference QP514.2 .P73 1989

Tables of physical and chemical data on molecules of biological significance.

Springer Handbook of Enzymes

MAGRATH Reference QP601 .E5158 2001

Internet Resources

Electronic Texts

NCBI Bookshelf This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Growing collection of online, open access biomedical books; full text can be searched directly from this interface.

Statistics and Data

Data Resources


Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) finds regions of local similarity between biological sequences; the program compares nucleotide or protein sequences to sequence databases and calculates the statistical significance of matches. BLAST can be used to infer functional and evolutionary relationships between sequences as well as help identify members of gene families.

dbSNP: Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Database This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Public-domain archive of simple genetic polymorphisms in a variety of model eukaryotes, including single-base nucleotide substitutions (SNPs) as well as small-scale multi-base deletions or insertions, and retroposable element insertions and microsatellite repeat variations. Each dbSNP entry includes the sequence context of the polymorphism (i.e., the surrounding sequence), the occurrence frequency of the polymorphism (by population or individual), and the experimental method(s), protocols, and conditions used to assay the variation.


Provides data sets resulting from an automated genome analysis and annotation process for selected eukaryotic (primarily vertebrate) genomes. The Ensemble software system aims to provide accurate, automatic analysis of genome data; analysis and annotation maintained on the current data; presentation of the analysis to all via the web; and means of distribution of the analysis to users. Data can be accessed through text search and genome/chromosome browser functions. Through a data upload and distributed annotation system, Ensembl offers users the ability to display their own data sets in the genome browser framework; users may also share data with others.

Entrez Cross-Database Search This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Overviews and allows text-based searches of over 25 of the bibliographic databases and biomolecular data resources held at NCBI (the National Center for Biotechnology Information), including PubMed, OMIM, Entrez Gene, and Entrez Taxonomy; this site performs a simultaneous search of the various databases and reports back the number of hits in each -- you can then select an individual database to view detailed search results.

Entrez Gene This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Searchable database of genes from a wide range of organisms, supplying key connections to other databases providing map, sequence, expression, structure, function, citation, and homology data; a good starting point for investigating the structure and role of a particular gene.

Entrez Nucleotide This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Collection of nucleotide (DNA and RNA) sequences from several primary database sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, and PDB; text-searchable through Entrez Nucleotide; sequences are similarity-searchable through BLAST. The number of bases in these databases continues to grow at an exponential rate. As of April 2006, there are over 130 billion bases in GenBank and RefSeq alone.

Entrez Prokaryotic Genomes

Access point for prokayotic genome information and the prok genome browser on NCBI web site. The RefSeq (NC_) records lead to a browseable and searchable chromosomal view of the sequenced genomes.

Entrez Structure This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Provides text-based searching of records in the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), containing 3D macromolecular structures of proteins and polynucleotides; links to the Cn3D structure viewer program (download required). MMDB contains over 28,000 structures and is linked to other NCBI databases including sequences, bibliographic citations, taxonomic classifications, and sequence and structure neighbors.

ExPASy Proteomics Server

ExPASy (Expert Protein Analysis System) proteomics server is dedicated to the analysis of protein sequences and structures as well as 2-D PAGE; includes the UniProt Knowledgebase (Swiss-Prot and TrEMBL) Protein knowledgebase; the PROSITE - Protein families and domains database; SWISS-2DPAGE - Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis database; ENZYME - Enzyme nomenclature database; and SWISS-MODEL Repository - Automatically generated protein models. Site also provides a number of analysis and prediction tools.


GenBank is the National Institutes of Health genetic sequence database, an annotated collection of all publicly available DNA sequences. Sequence data in GenBank is searchable through sequence similarity algorithms such as NCBI BLAST, and textual annotation of GenBank sequence records is searchable through the NCBI's Entrez Nucleotide search tool.

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

Suite of databases and associated software, integrating current knowledge on the function and utility of biological systems (PATHWAY and BRITE databases), information about genes and proteins (GENES database), and chemical compounds and reactions (LIGAND database). KEGG is especially noted for its metabolic pathway database.

National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)

The major national resource for molecular biology information; NCBI creates public databases, conducts research in computational biology, develops software tools for analyzing genome data, and disseminates biomedical information. Includes bibliographic and data resources such as PubMed, GenBank, OMIM, and many more.

NCBI Map Viewer

The Map Viewer provides special browsing capabilities for a subset of organisms in Entrez Genomes. Map Viewer allows you to view and search an organism's complete genome, display chromosome maps, and zoom into progressively greater levels of detail, down to the sequence data for a region of interest. The number and types of available maps vary by organism, and are described in the "data and search tips" file for each organism. If multiple maps are available for a chromosome, it displays them aligned to each other based on shared marker and gene names, and, for the sequence maps, based on a common sequence coordinate system.

PIR: Protein Information Resource

Provides many protein sequence databases and analysis tools, including the Protein Sequence Database and its successor, UniProt, functional analysis tools, protein classification and ontology systems.

Protein Data Bank

PDB is the single worldwide repository for the processing and distribution of 3-D structure data of large molecules of proteins and nucleic acids; the site provides a variety of tools and resources for studying the structures of biological macromolecules and their relationships to sequence, function, and disease.


PubChem provides information on the biological activities of small molecules. It is organized as three linked databases within the NCBI's Entrez information retrieval system. These are PubChem Substance, PubChem Compound, and PubChem BioAssay. PubChem also provides a fast chemical structure similarity search tool. Links from PubChem's chemical structure records to other Entrez databases provide information on biological properties.

UCSC Genome Browser

The Genome Browser provides a visual display of chromosomal informaiton, allowing zoom and scroll over chromosomal and DNA sequence, showing the work of annotators worldwide. Other tools included on the site provide other means of accessing genomic and proteomic data: Gene Sorter shows expression, homology and other information on groups of genes that can be related in many ways; Blat quickly maps your sequence to the genome; Table Browser provides convenient access to the underlying database; VisiGene lets you browse through a large collection of in situ mouse and frog images to examine expression patterns. The site contains the reference sequence and working draft assemblies for a large collection of genomes. It also provides a portal to the ENCODE genome annotation project.

Style Manuals and Writing Guides

Bibliography Software

Citation Manager Tools Authentication Required This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Citation managers are software packages used to create personalized databases of citation information and notes. They allow you to: import and organize citation information from article indexes and other sources save links to pdfs and other documents, and in some cases save the document itself format citations for your papers and bibliographies using APA and many other styles include your own notes

Style Manuals

Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers

Includes recommended citation format styles for journals, books, conference publications, patents, audio visuals, electronic information, maps, legal materials, newspaper articles, bibliographies, dissertations, and scientific reports. "Internet formats" supplement available at

Electronic Styles : A Handbook for Citing Electronic Information

PN171 .F56 L5 1996 WALTER SCI/ENG Reference; WALTER SCI/ENG Ref (Desk); MAGRATH Reference; WILSON Business Reference; WILSON Reference; MATHEMATICS Reference; BIO-MED Reference WZ345 L693e 1996

NCBI Journals Database This database is enhanced by Find It: the University Libraries Linking Service.

Useful tool for finding the full title of a journal in biomedicine, if you only have an abbreviation, or for determining from the full title what the official NLM and ISO abbreviations of the title are (e.g., for preparing a reference list).

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, educators, and professionals in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and justice administration.

Writing Guides

Scientific Writing 2.0 A Reader and Writer's Guide

The book helps scientists write papers for scientific journals. Using the key parts of typical scientific papers (Title, Abstract, Introduction, Visuals, Structure, and Conclusions), it shows through numerous examples, how to achieve the essential qualities required in scientific writing, namely being clear, concise, convincing, fluid, interesting, and organized.

Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: and supplemental statements from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

Bio-Medical Library WZ345 U58 1994

Covers guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. In addition, discusses retraction of research findings, order of authorship, definition of a peer-reviewed journal, and conflict of interest

Library Information

Primary Subject Location

Magrath Library
Books, journals and government publications in agriculture, biological sciences, design, applied statistics, food science, family social science, applied economics and more.
Campus: St. Paul Campus
Address: 1984 Buford Avenue
Telephone: Circulation: (612) 624-2233; Reference: (612) 624-1212
Main URL:
Reference URL:
Map URL:
Hours URL: